Prosthetics are artificial limbs or devices that are used to replace missing limbs or parts of the body. They can be made from a variety of materials, including metal, plastic, and carbon fiber.
Upper limb prosthetics replace arms and hands. There are many different types of upper limb prosthetics, including:
— Body-powered prosthetics are controlled by cables and harnesses that are attached to the shoulders. The user moves the cables and harnesses to control the prosthetic.
— Myoelectric prosthetics are controlled by electrical signals from the muscles in the remaining limb. The user thinks about moving the prosthetic, and the muscles send signals that control the prosthetic’s movements.
— Cosmetic prosthetics are designed to look like a natural arm or hand. They may not be as functional as other types of prosthetics, but they can help the user feel more confident.
Lower limb prosthetics replace legs and feet. There are many different types of lower limb prosthetics, including:
— Transtibial prosthetics replace the lower leg, below the knee.
— Transfemoral prosthetics replace the entire leg, including the thigh.
— Ankle-foot prosthetics replace the foot and ankle.
— Knee-ankle-foot prosthetics replace the lower leg, including the knee, ankle, and foot.