Microtia and Atresia are congenital birth defects of the ear. Microtia is when the outer ear does not fully develop during the first trimester of pregnancy or when the outer ear is absent, (known as anotia). Atresia is the absence of the ear canal, resulting in hearing loss. Microtia and Atresia occurs in every 1 out of 6,000 to 12,000 births.
Gangrene happens when tissues in your body die after a loss of blood caused by illness, injury, or infection. It usually happens in extremities like fingers, toes, and limbs, but you can also get gangrene in your organs and muscles. There are different types of gangrene, and all of them need medical care right away.
“Limb” is another name for the arms or legs. Limb differences are when an arm or leg is not shaped in the usual way. For example, a child’s legs may be curved or one might be shorter than the other. Or, a bone in the arm may be short or missing. A limb difference that a child is born with is called congenital. A limb difference that happens after birth is called acquired.
Head injuries are the most common reason for admission to hospital or death among riders. Sobering statistics reveal the high percentage of equine-related accidents resulting in traumatic brain injury, and helmets have been associated with reducing the risk of traumatic brain injury by as much as 50 percent. Yet, many riders still do not wear a helmet.
Acts of terrorism tend to erode the sense of security and safety that we normally enjoy. Terrorism challenges the stability we enjoy in a predictable, orderly, and controlled world. Feelings of anger, frustration, helplessness, fear, guilt, distress, and a desire to seek revenge are all common responses.
A congenital amputation means a limb is not formed correctly or is missing at birth. This happens while the limb is being formed in the womb. It is often: • Not genetic, meaning passed from parent to child • Not because of anything you did or did not do before your baby was born Congenital amputations may include one or more of the following: • Different limb lengths • Poor joint function • Weak muscles • Fragile skin.
Losing a limb is one of the most traumatic physical injuries that a person can experience. In addition to being a devastating physical injury, amputation injuries can also have a significant impact on a person’s mental health. Depending on the nature of the injury and the body part that was amputated, an injured victim may require multiple surgeries and months of physical rehabilitation, including getting fitted for and learning how to use a prosthetic, and occupational therapy.
According to the International Shark Attack File (ISAF), between 1958 and 2016 there were 2,785 confirmed unprovoked shark attacks around the world, of which 439 were fatal. Between 2001 and 2010, an average of 4.3 people a year died as a result of shark attacks.
Areas that are usually affected include cheeks, ears, nose, and fingers and toes. Frostbite is often preceded by frostnip. The symptoms of frostbite progress with prolonged exposure to cold. Historically, frostbite has been classified by degrees according to skin and sensation changes, similar to burn classifications. However, the degrees do not correspond to the amount of long term damage. A simplification of this system of classification is superficial (first or second degree) or deep injury (third or fourth degree).