Microtia and Atresia are congenital birth defects of the ear. Microtia is when the outer ear does not fully develop during the first trimester of pregnancy or when the outer ear is absent, (known as anotia). Atresia is the absence of the ear canal, resulting in hearing loss. Microtia and Atresia occurs in every 1 out of 6,000 to 12,000 births.
Ectrodactyly-Ectodermal Dysplasia-Clefting Syndrome (EEC) EEC syndrome, there are three different forms of EEC: EEC type 1, 2 and 3. Only one family has been identified with EEC 1 and 2. The most common type is EEC 3. Ectrodactyly ectodermal dysplasia cleft lip/palate (EEC) syndrome is a rare genetic disorder. Symptoms can vary greatly from one person to another. Affected individuals often
“Limb” is another name for the arms or legs. Limb differences are when an arm or leg is not shaped in the usual way. For example, a child’s legs may be curved or one might be shorter than the other. Or, a bone in the arm may be short or missing. A limb difference that a child is born with is called congenital. A limb difference that happens after birth is called acquired.
A physical disability is a substantial and long-term limitation affecting a person’s mobility, physical functioning, stamina or agility. It can limit the individual, either temporarily or permanently, by becoming disabled for a wide range of reasons, such as genetic disorder, injury or a specific condition.
There is little information on fibular hemimelia because it is so rare. It can be scary for new parents who aren’t sure what is wrong with their child, especially when their doctors haven’t seen a case of Fibular Hemimelia. Fibular Hemimelia, currently called Longitudinal Fibular Deficiency, is characterized by a completely missing or partially missing fibula bone. Each person’s leg has two bones-the tibia and fibula- and people with fibular hemimelia are missing part or all of their fibula. Due to the absence of this bone, it often results in a bowed tibia, with the affected leg being shorter than the non-affected leg.
A congenital amputation means a limb is not formed correctly or is missing at birth. This happens while the limb is being formed in the womb. It is often: • Not genetic, meaning passed from parent to child • Not because of anything you did or did not do before your baby was born Congenital amputations may include one or more of the following: • Different limb lengths • Poor joint function • Weak muscles • Fragile skin.
La amputación de Pirogoff fue descrita originalmente por el cirujano ruso Nicolás Pirogoff en el año 1864 y se refiere a la amputación osteoplástica distal a la articulación del tobillo, la resección del astrágalo y la fusión ósea de la tibia con el calcáneo, sus ventajas son: menor pérdida de la longitud de la extremidad y permitir la carga completa del peso corporal, así como el poder utilizar una prótesis más anatómica.
Una amputación de Syme, es el nombre que recibe el proceso quirúrgico denominado desarticulación de tobillo, en otras palabras, es la operación que consiste en separar todo el pie del resto del cuerpo.
Una amputación de Chopart es la competencia más directa de la amputación de Syme. Esta amputación se realiza a través de la articulación naviculocuneiforme y cuboideometarsiana. A su favor tiene la facilidad técnica y no producir acortamiento de la extremidad.